Leptailurus serval

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Serval is a wild cat of medium size with a slender physique and long legs. The weight of an adult animal varies from eight to 18 kg, with a body length of 90 to 135 cm and a height of 40 cm to 65 cm. Close relatives of the serval are lynx and caracal.

Muzzle, abdomen and chest are white. On the ears from the outside there are black-yellow or white, transverse stains. The color of the serval depends on the geography of the habitat. For example, steppe servals have large spots on light wool, and forest on the contrary small spots and color darker. Forest serval was previously classified into a separate species of cervical cats.

Life expectancy of serval in the wild is 10-12 years, in zoos, eco-parks or at home for 15-20 years.

  • Feeding

    Servalas are born hunters. The peak of their activity, as a rule, falls in the early morning or twilight. The main prey are rodents, antelopes, damans, birds (guinea fowl, flamingo) and lizards.

  • Habitat

    Servals live virtually throughout Africa. They prefer to settle in open spaces, in shrubs and thickets near water, but avoid deserts and wet forests in the tropics.

  • Interesting fact

    Servalas are single, so clashes between individuals of one family are excluded. They also hunt alone, using an unexpected jump to catch the victim unawares. Servalis have an excellent hearing allowing them to hear the rustling of small animals in the grass. And only sound is enough for them to calculate the exact location of the victim. Servals are very jumping animals. During the jump, whose height can be about 3 meters the animal is able to grab the bird on the fly. Servals have the longest legs in relation to body size, with which they develop speeds of up to 80 km/ h. Serval can be tamed and kept at home as ordinary cats, but on condition that the animal is already born in captivity, and is not afraid of man.