Porcupine - a big rodent. Weight fed males reaches 27 kg, although usually much less (8.12 kg). The body length is 90 cm, tail 10-15 cm. The thin, flexible needles and reach a length of 40 cm, short and tight 15-30 cm length, their thickness - 0.5 cm. Porcupine - very nocturnal animal. The day he spends in a hole and comes only with the onset of complete darkness. Pregnancy lasts 110-115 days, after which the female brings 2-3 baby, sometimes up to 5. Cubs are born sighted and developed teeth. Their first needle quite soft, but hardens very quickly and a week later able to inject much. Dairy feeding lasts long enough -not more than two weeks. In nature, porcupines live to 12-15 years in captivity - up to 20 years.
Porcupines eat plant food. Spring and summer eat the green parts of plants, roots, bulbs and tubers, watermelons, melons, cucumbers, pumpkins, grapes, alfalfa. In the winter they eat tree bark, bottom parts of trees. Occasionally, perhaps, to fill the lack of salt in the body, eating insects.
Distribution porcupines covers most of Africa, the Mediterranean, Asia and the Caucasus to the north, the foothills of Central Asia, Tibet, southeast China. Porcupine - mostly mountainous animal that lives in the foothills and plains, including processed though occasionally found in sandy deserts.
A belief that throws enemies porcupine their needles, like arrows - absolutely not true. Also not confirmed is another common legend - about the alleged toxicity porcupines needles. Indeed, the wounds of its needles very painful, often inflamed and heal with difficulty. Total on a body porcupine is 30 000 needles.