Chimpanzee - genus in the family of hominids group of primates. Living usually in groups consisting of ten or twelve individuals. Advancing chimpanzees leave the pack to create a new group. During the night a monkey hiding high in the trees, arranging a bed of twigs and leaves. Adult males usually grow up to 150 cm and females -. To 130 cm Volume of a chimpanzee brain is about half the volume of the human brain. Chimpanzees highly developed social behavior within the group, there is a strict hierarchy. They live in groups of 20 to 100 individuals, led by the leader. Chimpanzees do not have a specific season for breeding. This factor largely depends only on the physical condition and age of the animals. Pregnancy lasts for 7-8 months, then only one calf is born. Juveniles have a bright, pinkish flesh color that darkens with age. The first 5 months of the female wears it for yourself. Toddler clings to the hair on the breast of his mother, and his mother in the first few weeks of gently holds his hand. Later, the baby moved her back. 6-month-old child makes first steps, however, and at this time the mother is closely monitoring his every move. Year-old chimp weighs about 8-9 kilograms. The kid is with his mother until the age of three or four year. Sexual maturity to 14 years. Under natural conditions, primates can live up to 45 years, and at the zoo to 60.
Chimpanzees are omnivorous animals. Their main power consists of fruits, leaves, insects and small vertebrates.
West and Central Africa.
Chimpanzees are considered to be the closest relatives of humans. Based on the latest research, their genetic base is the same as the human at 98.7%. Chimpanzees, like humans, can be distinguished according to individual prints of the skin on the fingers and palms. Chimpanzees, like humans, turn gray in old age.